Most important and time consuming piece of any validation stack are test scripts (Installation, Operational, Performance, etc..), test executions and test results. Validation is all about authoring test scripts, executing and documenting test results. Whether testing is manual or automated, a lot of data is collected during validation. Only in rare cases, one will be able to obtain real-time data on test execution, testing deviations or test coverages. Such information will enable more efficient management of validation efforts and reduce costs. A well designed system will provide useful dashboards and metrics to project managers as well as validation personnel.
In the GxP world, test execution reports for any validation exercise contain most important artifacts that serve as evidence. Audit trail of 'who did what? at what time?' are captured in the form of actions and results with time stamps, and most frequently with screenshots. In most test automation frameworks that are utilized in validation, a major gap is the presentation of this evidence that can meet the scrutiny of any inspector.